Psychological factors underlying criminal behavior melitta schmideberg, md dr schmideberg is psychiatrist to the institute for the scientific treatment of delinquency, london member of the international psycho- analytic association any complicated psycho-analytical explanation nevertheless i. In the early years of scientific medicine, most clinicians and researchers thought only in terms of single causes: specific agents that cause specific disease for example, an infection was considered to result only from the proliferation of bacteria, while other kinds of ill health might result from viruses, toxins, accidents, or flaws in a person's genetic makeup. Chapter overview sociological theories of crime differ considerably from psychological and biological explanations sociological theories attempt to account for the social forces that cause or result in criminal behavior. In terms of being able to elucidate deviant and criminal behaviour, and consequently apply this to serial murder, sociology, like most perspectives, fails to offer a single, clear-cut, explanation. 1 sociobiology as behavioral ecology the first meaning of “sociobiology” is as wilson’s own term for a range of work that is currently referred to (and was largely referred to at the time) as behavioral ecologybehavioral ecology is a science that uses evolutionary theory and especially adaptationist methods to try to understand animal behavior.
The statistical correlations of criminal behavior explore the associations of specific non-criminal factors with specific crimes biosocial criminology is an interdisciplinary field that aims to explain crime and antisocial behavior by exploring both biological factors and environmental factors. Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the openbook if you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a pdf visit napedu/10766 to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free pdf. biological criminal behavior cja/ 314 monday 19, 2012 biological criminal behavior biological criminal behavior of dennis rader, known as the btk killer which stands for bind, torture, and kill dennis rader terrorized the witchita, kansas, area from the 1970s to the '90s.
+ biological theories lend strong support for the notion of instrumental aggression – however they are highly deterministic and reductionist – there is no conclusive evidence that aggressive behaviour can be carried through the genes. Deviance is therefore not a set of characteristics of individuals or groups, but rather it is a process of interaction between deviants and non-deviants and the context in which criminality is defined. Therefore, this shows good evidence that the cognitive approach provides a valid explanation of criminal behaviour a problem with the cognitive approach is that there are no practical applications for the research and therefore it does not explain criminal behaviour. Sociological and environmental factors of criminal behavior a debate that continues to spawn controversy in many scientific disciplines is on the topic of heredity and the influence genetics has on the overall character of a human being.
Behaviour 1) biological theories biological explanations of crime assume that some people are ‘born criminals’, who words, the criminal is ‘other’: in some way different or abnormal to everyone else health, socio-economic disadvantage and transient populations this led them to. Critically evaluate feminist explanations of female criminal behaviour the involvement of females in crime and as the committers of crime was once a rare phenomenon but in recent years a dramatic increase has been seen all over the world in england and. Historically, there are three broad theoretical models of criminal behavior: a) psychological b) sociological c) biological all infer different methods of control, but it is difficult to completely separate the three categories as it is generally accepted that all three of the factors play a role in the expression of behavior. 48 chapter 3: explaining delinquency—biological and psychological approaches introduction throughout the history of juvenile justice, criminologists and others inter- every explanation of behavior, whether it be conventional or deviant behav-ior, rests on a number of implicit assumptions about individuals and the. Social learning theory, therefore, can offer us a plausible explanation of aggressive behaviour however, it presents act of aggression as simple mimicry, which provides us with no understanding of exactly how the behaviour is learned.
Explanations for criminal behaviour explanation of criminal behaviour summary intelligence, and discovered overall that, when socio-economic factors are statistically controlled for, the pattern remains nevertheless, there is a vast amount of research. Behaviour, including criminal behaviour, may be influenced by our genes this view is a long way from the lombrosian one and embodies very different ideas about how genes may affect behaviour. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75,000 lessons in math, english, science, history, and more plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.
Social environment as the cause of criminal behaviour weak, broken bonds with family, school, religion as catalyst to human behaviour people engage in criminal behaviour because they do not see the benefits of adhering to conventional social values and believe that crime is a way to improve their social, financial conditions. Gray's criminal behavior is considered a classic example of social psychological origin of criminal behavior social psychological factors are most likely more significantly influential to an individual's criminal behavior when compared to biological and sociological factors. Biological perspective links the studies of biology and psychology physiological changes and genetics are believed to play a large role in the behaviors of humans and other animals biological perspective is the study in psychology that evaluates the physiological and genetic roots of behaviour.